• 华为路由交换设备配置静态路由——双DEMO

    Demo1

    实验拓扑如下:

    华为路由交换设备配置静态路由——双DEMO

    配置两台PC机

    华为路由交换设备配置静态路由——双DEMO
    华为路由交换设备配置静态路由——双DEMO

    配置两台路由器

    R1

    <Huawei>
    <Huawei>system-view                            //进入用户视图
    Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
    [Huawei]sysname R1                            //修改路由名称为R1
    [R1]
    [R1]int g 0/0/0                               //进入g0/0/0接口
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 192.168.10.1 24         //配置IP
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]undo shut                    //开启
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 is not shutdown.
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]q                     //返回普通视图
    [R1]int g 0/0/1
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip add 12.0.0.1 30
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]un sh
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
    [R1]

    R2

    <Huawei>
    <Huawei>sys
    [Huawei]sys R2
    [R2]
    [R2]int g 0/0/0
    [R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 12.0.0.2 30
    [R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]un sh
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 is not shutdown.
    [R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]q
    [R2]int LoopBack 0                                    //进入回环网卡lo0中(且回环网卡不需要undo shut)
    [R2-LoopBack0]ip add 2.2.2.2 
    [R2-LoopBack0]q
    [R2]

    此时,虽然两台路由均在接口上配置了IP地址,但由于存在多网段,所以仍需要配置静态/默认路由。

    R1配置默认路由

    [R1]
    [R1]ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 12.0.0.2       //允许所有网段通过
    [R1]int g 0/0/1
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]dis ip routing
    Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Routing Tables: Public
             Destinations : 7        Routes : 7        
    
    Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface
    
            0.0.0.0/0   Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
           12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
           12.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
          127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
          127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
       192.168.10.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   192.168.10.1    GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
       192.168.10.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
    
    [R1-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
    [R1]

    R2配置静态路由

    [R2]
    [R2]ip route-static 192.168.10.0 24 12.0.0.1       //学习10.0网段
    [R2]int g0/0/0
    [R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]dis ip routing 
    Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Routing Tables: Public
             Destinations : 6        Routes : 6        
    
    Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface
    
            2.2.2.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
           12.0.0.0/30  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           12.0.0.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
          127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
          127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
       192.168.10.0/24  Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
    
    [R2-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]q
    [R2]

    实验结果验证

    PC>ping 192.168.10.20              //联通另一台PC机
    
    Ping 192.168.10.20: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break
    From 192.168.10.20: bytes=32 seq=1 ttl=128 time=47 ms
    From 192.168.10.20: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=128 time=31 ms
    
    --- 192.168.10.20 ping statistics ---
      2 packet(s) transmitted
      2 packet(s) received
      0.00% packet loss
      round-trip min/avg/max = 31/39/47 ms
    
    PC>ping 2.2.2.2                       //尝试联通不同网段的Lo0回环网卡
    
    Ping 2.2.2.2: 32 data bytes, Press Ctrl_C to break
    From 2.2.2.2: bytes=32 seq=1 ttl=254 time=78 ms
    From 2.2.2.2: bytes=32 seq=2 ttl=254 time=78 ms
    From 2.2.2.2: bytes=32 seq=3 ttl=254 time=594 ms
    From 2.2.2.2: bytes=32 seq=4 ttl=254 time=78 ms
    From 2.2.2.2: bytes=32 seq=5 ttl=254 time=62 ms
    
    --- 2.2.2.2 ping statistics ---
      5 packet(s) transmitted
      5 packet(s) received
      0.00% packet loss
      round-trip min/avg/max = 62/178/594 ms
    
    PC>

    Demo2

    实验拓扑如下

    华为路由交换设备配置静态路由——双DEMO

    给三台交换机各接口配置IP,及Lo0网卡的配置

    R3

    <Huawei>sy
    Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
    [Huawei]sys R3
    [R3]int g0/0/0
    [R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 12.0.0.1 24
    [R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]un sh
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 is not shutdown.
    [R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]q
    [R3]int g0/0/1
    [R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip add 13.0.0.1 24
    [R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]un sh
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.
    [R3-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
    [R3]
    [R3]int loo 0
    [R3-LoopBack0]ip add 1.1.1.1 32
    [R3-LoopBack0]q
    [R3]

    R4

    <Huawei>sy
    Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
    [Huawei]sys     
    [Huawei]sysname R4
    [R4]int g0/0/0
    [R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 12.0.0.2 24
    [R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]un sh
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 is not shutdown.
    [R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]q
    [R4]int g 0/0/1
    [R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip add 23.0.0.2 24
    [R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]un sh
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.
    [R4-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
    [R4]int LoopBack 0
    [R4-LoopBack0]ip add 2.2.2.2 32
    [R4-LoopBack0]q
    [R4]

    R5

    <Huawei>sy
    Enter system view, return user view with Ctrl+Z.
    [Huawei]sys R5
    [R5]int g 0/0/0
    [R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]ip add 13.0.0.3 24
    [R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]un sh
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/0 is not shutdown.
    [R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/0]q
    [R5]int g 0/0/1
    [R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]ip add 23.0.0.3 24
    [R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]un sh
    Info: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1 is not shutdown.
    [R5-GigabitEthernet0/0/1]q
    [R5]int loo 0
    [R5-LoopBack0]ip add 3.3.3.3 32
    [R5-LoopBack0]q
    [R5]

    为三台交换机配置静态路由

    R3

    [R3]
    [R3]ip route-static 3.3.3.3 32 13.0.0.3
    [R3]ip route-static 3.3.3.3 32 12.0.0.2
    [R3]ip route-static 2.2.2.2 32 13.0.0.3
    [R3]ip route-static 2.2.2.2 32 12.0.0.2
    [R3]dis ip routing
    Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Routing Tables: Public
             Destinations : 9        Routes : 11       
    
    Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface
    
            1.1.1.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
            2.2.2.2/32  Static  60   0          RD   13.0.0.3        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
                        Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
            3.3.3.3/32  Static  60   0          RD   13.0.0.3        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
                        Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           12.0.0.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           12.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           13.0.0.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   13.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
           13.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
          127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
          127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
    
    [R3]

    R4

    [R4]
    [R4]ip route-static 1.1.1.1 32 12.0.0.1
    [R4]ip route-static 1.1.1.1 32 23.0.0.3
    [R4]ip route-static 3.3.3.3 32 12.0.0.1
    [R4]ip route-static 3.3.3.3 32 23.0.0.3
    [R4]dis ip routing
    Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Routing Tables: Public
             Destinations : 9        Routes : 11       
    
    Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface
    
            1.1.1.1/32  Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
                        Static  60   0          RD   23.0.0.3        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
            2.2.2.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
            3.3.3.3/32  Static  60   0          RD   12.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
                        Static  60   0          RD   23.0.0.3        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
           12.0.0.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   12.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           12.0.0.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           23.0.0.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   23.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
           23.0.0.2/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
          127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
          127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
    
    [R4]

    R5

    [R5]    
    [R5]ip route-static 1.1.1.1 32 13.0.0.1
    [R5]ip route-static 1.1.1.1 32 23.0.0.2
    [R5]ip route-static 2.2.2.2 32 13.0.0.1
    [R5]ip route-static 2.2.2.2 32 23.0.0.2
    [R5]dis ip routing
    Route Flags: R - relay, D - download to fib
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Routing Tables: Public
             Destinations : 9        Routes : 11       
    
    Destination/Mask    Proto   Pre  Cost      Flags NextHop         Interface
    
            1.1.1.1/32  Static  60   0          RD   13.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
                        Static  60   0          RD   23.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
            2.2.2.2/32  Static  60   0          RD   13.0.0.1        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
                        Static  60   0          RD   23.0.0.2        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
            3.3.3.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       LoopBack0
           13.0.0.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   13.0.0.3        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           13.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/0
           23.0.0.0/24  Direct  0    0           D   23.0.0.3        GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
           23.0.0.3/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       GigabitEthernet
    0/0/1
          127.0.0.0/8   Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
          127.0.0.1/32  Direct  0    0           D   127.0.0.1       InLoopBack0
    
    [R5]

    实验结果验证

    #R3
    [R3]ping 3.3.3.3
      PING 3.3.3.3: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
        Reply from 3.3.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=50 ms
        Reply from 3.3.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=255 time=40 ms
        Reply from 3.3.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=255 time=20 ms
        Reply from 3.3.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=255 time=10 ms
        Reply from 3.3.3.3: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=255 time=40 ms
    
      --- 3.3.3.3 ping statistics ---
        5 packet(s) transmitted
        5 packet(s) received
        0.00% packet loss
        round-trip min/avg/max = 10/32/50 ms
    
    [R3]
    
    #R4
    [R4]ping 1.1.1.1
      PING 1.1.1.1: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=80 ms
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=255 time=50 ms
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=255 time=50 ms
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=255 time=30 ms
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=5 ttl=255 time=50 ms
    
      --- 1.1.1.1 ping statistics ---
        5 packet(s) transmitted
        5 packet(s) received
        0.00% packet loss
        round-trip min/avg/max = 30/52/80 ms
    
    [R4]
    
    #R5
    [R5]ping 1.1.1.1
      PING 1.1.1.1: 56  data bytes, press CTRL_C to break
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=1 ttl=255 time=50 ms
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=2 ttl=255 time=50 ms
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=3 ttl=255 time=50 ms
        Reply from 1.1.1.1: bytes=56 Sequence=4 ttl=255 time=50 ms
    
      --- 1.1.1.1 ping statistics ---
        4 packet(s) transmitted
        4 packet(s) received
        0.00% packet loss
        round-trip min/avg/max = 50/50/50 ms
    
    [R5]
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